Type: Interneuron
Male Wiring Project: DVC
In Wormbase: DVC
Lineage: C aapaa
Location: Dorsorectal ganglion
Description: Ring interneurons.
Neurotransmitter/ Neuropeptide:
[N.B. DVA is cholinergic, while DVC is not]
(Pereira et al., 2015; Serrano-Saiz et al., 2013)

Innexin expression:
- INX-4
- INX-5
- INX-7
- INX-9
- INX-10
- INX-11
- INX-13
- INX-17 (early larva)
- INX-18
- UNC-7
- UNC-9
(Altun et al., 2009)
Receptor expression:
- GLR-1; glutamate receptor subunit
- SER-4; serotonin receptor, variably expressed (the neuron can be DVA instead)
- TRP-4; mechanosensitive TRPN channel
(Tsalik et al., 2003; Hart et al., 1995)
- It is suggested DVC may be a stretch receptor that functions in backward locomotion. Activation of DVC induces reversal through synapses onto AVA command interneurons and glutamatergic output from DVC is required for this backing (Ardiel & Rankin, 2015)

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DVC (C aapaa) development in the embryo.
Dorsal view. Bottom is left side of the embryo. Spheres indicate individual nuclei. Black sphere: ancestors of DVC; dark grey spheres: apoptotic cells; other cells follow the WA color code (after they acquire specific cell or tissue identities). 0 min is fertilization. Click on the movie for higher resolution rendition (by A. Santella & Z. Bao).

Last revision: November 26, 2013